“One of the hallmarks of the modern space age is the way in which emerging powers are taking part like never before. This of course includes China, whose presence in space has mirrored their rise in terms of global affairs. At the same time, the Indian Space Research Organization (IRSO), the European Space Agency, JAXA, the Canadian Space Agency, the South African Space Agency, and many others have been making their presence felt as well. In short, space exploration is no longer the province of two major superpowers. And in the future, when crewed interplanetary missions and (fingers crossed!) the creation of colonies on other planets becomes a reality, it will likely entail a huge degree of international cooperation and public-private partnerships.” ~Matt Williams, January 2018
[CAF Note: Our Asian list is a work in progress. More to do!]
A variety of publicly-traded firms in China (along with some non-trading government agencies not shown here) contribute to the Chinese national space program, including:
- Nanjing Panda Electronics Company Ltd. (0553.HK) and (600775.SS) – Nanjing Panda Electronics is a manufacturer and supplier of electronic equipment products. The principal operations of the company are development, manufacturing, and sales of satellite communication products, mobile telecommunication products, electronic equipment products and electronic intelligent products and electronic manufacturing business. The company organizes its operations into three main segments: Electronic equipment products, Consumer electronic products, and Electronic manufacturing products. The company derives the majority of its revenue from Electronic equipment segment. It is primarily traded on the Shanghai Hong Kong Stock Exchange with a market capitalization of approximately USD$810 million.
- Shenzhen Kaifa Technology Co., Ltd. (000021.SZ) – Shenzhen Kaifa Technology manufactures advanced components such as hard disk heads, metering systems, payment terminal products and digital home products. It trades on the Shenzen Stock Exchange with a market cap of approximately USD$2.2 billion.
- China Greatwall Technology Group Co., Ltd. (000066.SZ) – China Greatwall Technology Group Co Ltd develops, produces and sells computer hardware and software, network systems, LCD and plasma televisions, telephones and other electronic products. It also develops communications and networking products. It trades on the Shenzen Stock Exchange with a market cap of approximately USD$4.2 billion.
- China National Software & Service Co., Ltd. (600536.SS) – China National Software & Service is a software company specializing providing high-quality firmware, enterprise information systems software and a broad portfolio of other IT and software development services. It trades on the Shanghai Stock Exchange with a market cap of approximately USD$2.1 billion.
- Chinasoft International Co., Ltd. (0354.HK) – Chinasoft International provides information technology services in two segments based on service type. The technology professional business segment, which generates the majority of revenue, provides services that include business and IT consulting, application development, system integration, product engineering, and enterprise management. The Internet IT services business segment provides cloud-based consulting services. The majority of revenue comes from the People’s Republic of China. It trades on the Hong Kong Stock Exchange with a market cap of approximately USD$1.7 billion.
- China Electronics Huada Technology Company Limited (0085.HK) – China Electronics Huada Technology Co Ltd, formerly China Electronics Holdings is a state-owned conglomerate that designs, develops, manufactures, and sells electronics products and components. The company offers products and services in computer and core computer parts, software and systems integration, telecommunication, and consumer electronics. The company also takes part in e-commerce, logistics and information services, and electronic engineering design and contracts. Integrated circuit manufacturing is the company’s leading business, and involves a complete production chain covering design, development, packaging, testing, and application. China Electronics sells its portfolio of products through a marketing network spread across China. It trades on the Hong Kong Stock Exchange with a market cap of approximately USD$318million.
- Shenzhen SED Industry Co., Ltd. (000032.SZ) – Shenzhen Sed Industry is primarily engaged in the manufacture and sale of electronic machines, electronic components and other high-tech electronic products in China. It trades on the Shenzen Stock Exchange with a market cap of approximately USD$608 million.
- Nanjing Huadong Electronics Information & Technology Co., Ltd. (000727.SZ) – Nanjing Huadong Electronics Information & Technology specializes in the lighting industry in China. Its products include picture tubes, display tubes, LCDs, energy-saving light sources, and medical electronic equipment. It trades on the Shenzen Stock Exchange with a market cap of approximately USD$1.6 billion.
- Shanghai Belling Co., Ltd. (600171.SS) – Shanghai Belling is engaged in the microelectronics Industry in China. Its products include communication, electric power measurement, and power management equipment. It also produces discrete mobile phone components and RFID chips. It trades on the Shanghai Stock Exchange with a market cap of approximately USD$1.6 billion.
- Eagle Industry Co., Ltd. (6486.T) – In Aerospace, Eagle Industry provides highly reliable products for rockets, aircraft, the International Space Station, and satellites that can be used in high-temperatures/pressures/rotation-speeds and ultra high vacuum, at cryogenic temperatures, and under harsh and extraordinary conditions. Traded on the Tokyo Stock exchange.
- IHI Corporation (7013.T) – IHI is a Japanese company that manufactures aircraft engines, industrial machinery, power station boilers, suspension bridges, and which includes a space division. Boeing and General Electric Aviation have subcontracted parts from IHI. Space-related projects include: the Sounding Rocket (S-210, S-310, S-520, SS-520), M-V Launch Vehicle, GX Launch Vehicle (with partner Galaxy Express Corporation), the Epsilon Launch Vehicle, the SRB-A solid rocket booster for the H-IIA/H-IIB Launch Vehicle, and the BT-4 liquid-fueled apogee motor used in Atlas V and Antares. Traded on the Tokyo Stock Exchange with an ADR (IHICY) traded in the U.S.
- Global Kawasaki (7012.T) – is a Japanese public multinational corporation primarily known as a manufacturer of motorcycles, heavy equipment, aerospace and defense equipment, rolling stock and ships. It is also active in the production of industrial robots, gas turbines, boilers and other industrial products. The company is named after its founder Shōzō Kawasaki, and has dual headquarters in Chūō-ku, Kobe and Minato, Tokyo. In addition to trading on the Tokyo Stock Exchange, an OTC equity (KWHIY)is traded in the U.S.
- Mitsubishi Heavy Industries Ltd. (7011.T) – Mitsubishi’s product offerings include aerospace components, air conditioners, aircraft, automotive components, forklift trucks, hydraulic equipment, machine tools, missiles, power generation equipment, ships, and space launch vehicles. In addition to trading on the Tokyo Stock Exchange, an OTC equity (MHVYF) traded in the U.S.
- NEC Space Technologies, Ltd. – NEC provides “space solutions” that cover everything from satellite systems and terrestrial satellite operation and control systems, to systems for utilizing satellite data. NEC Corporation is its parent which trades on the Tokyo Stock Exchange (6701.T) with a foreign OTC security (NIPNF) thinly traded in the U.S.
- Korea Aerospace Industries Ltd. (047810.KS) – Commonly referred to as KAI, Korean Aerospace is a South Korean aerospace company which was originally a joint venture of Samsung Aerospace, Daewoo Heavy Industries (aerospace division), and Hyundai Space and Aircraft Company (HYSA). In 1999, Korea Aerospace took over its founding members at the behest of the South Korean government following financial troubles stemming from the 1997 financial crisis. Headquarters and major plants are located in Sacheon, South Korea. Korea Aerospace Industries Ltd. is traded on the Korean Stock Exchange.